Manji / Wan (Buddhist “Swastika”)

The swastika used in Buddhist art and scripture is known as a manji (Japanese; whirlwind), and represents Dharma, universal harmony, and the balance of opposites.  In China, it is called wan.

It is derived from the Hindu religious swastika, but it is not identical in meaning. Round Manji The Manji is made up of several elements: a vertical axis representing the joining of heaven and earth, a horizontal axis representing the connection of yin and yang, and the four arms, representing movement- the whirling force created by the interaction of these elements.

When facing left, it is the Omote (front facing) Manji, representing love and mercy. Facing right, it represents strength and intelligence, and is called the Ura (rear facing) Manji. In Zen Buddhism, the Manji represents an ideal harmony between love and intellect.

Buddha figure with Manji


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{ 13 comments… read them below or add one }

akima tendo March 8, 2018 at 11:47 am

The Manji/Swastika goes back to – at least 7,000 BCE – in many lands and among many peoples. It is the Cross of the “Thousand Truths of Buddha”, the Tao, the Moon, the Goddesses, the Wymyn, etc. And it will endure long after the memory of a certain tyrant becomes ancient – and Nonviolence, avoiding aggression, and Nonsinning, avoiding harm to others – gives this blood soaked Terra Dark Redemption. Buddha, Tao, Kami (Gods), and Megami (Goddesses) Bless those who bring Dark Light and Redemption from this humble little Japanese American Shinto Shamaness. Cheers!


gela October 20, 2017 at 11:31 am

I basically research this due to my curiosity on what really id the meaning of Neji’s forehead tattoo.. LoL iys just amazing to think that the image I saw was similar withe the sharingan. So maybe yeah Uchiha & Hyuga are connected


Hendon Harris July 16, 2015 at 10:24 am

For those who suggest that the Manji (Swastika) was a form easily conceived and then drawn independently by ancient Native Americas I have two responses.
1) The name that the Pre Columbian Native Americans originally used and still use to this day for the Manji is “Whirlwind” (Hopi) and “Whirling Logs’ (Navajo). The literal interpretation of the ancient India Sanskrit word for the form of the Manji (Swastika) is WHIRLWIND. How can that be a coincidence?
2) Ancient Native Americans although familiar enough with the wheel to use it for limited religious uses (the same way that Buddhists use it) never appear to have used the wheel for transportation or for any other utilitarian purpose. Unless they
were specifically prohibited from using the wheel (I believe that was the case) how
could it have been easier for them to figure out the swastika design independently through “evolutionary diffusion” than all the numerous benefits of the Wheel (a round circle).


miss emi March 10, 2016 at 8:52 pm

Really like your input here and vast knowledge. would love to talk more with u…. pls email me and say hello Emi :) tantricbodyworks@gmail


Justly March 31, 2015 at 12:10 am

Hey, so I’m not super educated or know all the much about the history of the “swastika”. I personally think lots of people who might not of ever met in different time periods used the same shape, it’s like using a triangle or pentagram


Jennifer April 1, 2015 at 3:10 am

Correct! It’s a very elemental human symbol.


Hendon Harris October 4, 2014 at 5:30 pm

Are we willing to believe that Marco Polo who arrived in China overland from Italy was able to “discover” N America in the 13th century (200 years before Columbus) but Asians were not able to do it. How did he arrive there unless he had an Asian ship, crew
and Asian navigation skills? Google the October 2014 Smithsonian article “Did Marco Polo Discover America?”. This is now worldwide breaking news. It appears that Marco Polo and Hwui Shan the Buddhist cleric (800 years earlier) both traveled to Fu Sang (N America) using the same route. Given the descriptions of their respective trips it appears fairly obvious that they both used the North Pacific Gyre, the massive ocean
current that flows clockwise past the coastlines of all N Pacific rim countries, to get to
Fu Sang. What is perplexing to me is that the world is willing to accept the theory that
a European without even his own ship made it to Fu Sang but not Hwui Shan.


Hendon Harris August 26, 2014 at 10:59 am

The cornerstone of the theories of ancient Buddhists in N America is the recorded
historical Chinese account of a Buddhist monk named Hwui Shan who traveled in 458 CE to a beautiful land east of China known to the Chinese people for centuries as Fu Sang. Hwui Shan upon his return to China in 499 reported that his mission was a major success and as the result the religion and culture of the native people there was materially changed. Therefore, it’s plausible to believe that if Fu Sang was in fact what we know of today as the west coast of North America that there would still be evidence of that in the customs, symbols and religion of the people there today. Indeed there is such evidence. The best narrative of the history of this theory was give by author Henriette Mertz in 1953. Her free online book is available at google: “Pale Ink Henriette Mertz Index” If you want the abridged version google: “Pale Ink Henritte Mertz Chapter II” or Google: “Hwui Shan-I Believe I can Show You”


Hendon Harris July 31, 2014 at 4:33 pm

Vajrayana Buddhism has numerous symbols. I believe I have recently connected two more of those symbols to locations in ancient North America. These most recent finds include 1) “Hamsa the Vedic Swan Goose” which is the vehicle of Saraswathi (wife of Brahma) as well as 2) numerous “Cracked Eggs Buddhist Creation Symbol” Google: “Canadian Goose Bisti Badlands” for a huge example of what I believe was originally carved to be Hamsa. In that same wilderness area are many examples of what I believe are the Vedic cracked egg. Google: “Bisti Badlands Cracked Eggs”. For images of several huge petrified wood logs on raised earthen berms in that same wilderness google: “Petrified Logs Bisti Badlands” and “Bisti Badland Images” including “Bent Hoodoo by Ned” for a beautiful chattra.


Hendon Harris June 18, 2014 at 4:35 pm

Is AGNI the god of fire for Native Americans? That conclusion doesn’t require a leap of
faith when you realize that they celebrate the Exact Same Seven Step Seven Vow Wedding Ceremony that has been celebrated by the religions of India (Buddhism and
Hinduism) for thousands of years. There is no confusion in the minds of Buddhists
who their fire god is. Why then if the ceremonies are exactly like in every detail why
would the Native American god of fire be anything different from Agni?


Hendon Harris January 13, 2014 at 2:43 am

Google: “Buddhist Symbols, Customs and Monuments North America” for much more evidence of Buddhism in ancient America than simply the Manji. European historians in an effort to exclude the possibility of discussions and the review of evidence of pre-Columbian Buddhist missionary monk trips to North America have placed an imaginary “fence” around all the American continents. This has taken the form of an absolute refusal to entertain any notions of pre Columbian Asian migration or diffusion here. According to them any such discussions are unscientific and “fringe”. If you are involved in the western academic community you are literally risking your professional career if you choose to openly discuss this.
One of the major reasons they claim this topic is unscientific is because according to
them Asians were unable to sail to the Americas because they lacked the technology. That is an interesting argument given the vast amount of evidence that
demonstrates that argument is false and they should know it is. Google: “Ancient
Chinese Naval History” and “Ancient Chinese Shipbuilding”. The Chinese and other
Asians had highly advanced nautical skills from at least the 3rd Century BCE until
1433 when Ming Dynasty China issued a Decree of Isolation. That policy of isolation lead China into a 500 year decline from which they just emerged. However, regardless of what many people may think China has not always been a
3rd world country. Weiyang Palace started BCE in Chang’an China remains the largest palace ever built in the history of mankind. No canal ever built on earth has come close to the length of the Chinese Grand Canal which was started before Christ and finally completed centuries later. Deep well drilling for oil and natural
gas goes back to the 2nd century in China. These accomplishments are of record
but rarely discussed. Google these listed above and numerous others to discover
these facts for yourself.


Raphael November 5, 2013 at 7:46 pm

Hendon when speaking of whirlwinds, how can forget to mention Ezekiel?

Ezekiel 1:4-28
King James Version (KJV)
4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.

the swastika is what links them all…
it is the key
it is ThE NET



Hendon Harris August 5, 2013 at 1:39 am

North American historians boldly claim that there were absolutely No Foreign Influences in Pre Columbian America. If that is or was truly the case and if the swastika used by the Hopi and Navajo Native American tribes had absolutely nothing to do with the Vedic Manji used for thousands of years by Hindus and Buddhists then how can anyone explain why the Manji (swastika) used by them is called “The Whirling Logs” by the Navajo and “The Whirlwind” by the Hopi people which is EXACTLY what the Manji means in Sanskrit. How could that be random? IT COULDN”T BE!
Google: “Were the Anasazi People Buddhists?” , “Mandalas, Mantras, Manjis and
Monuments”. “Dimensions of Dine (Navajo) and Buddhist Traditions” and “Hendon’s
And why is it that the most common wedding ceremony used by Native Americans
today and claimed by them as their own tradition is the same Seven Step Seven Vow Wedding walked clockwise around the sacred flame which has been used in India for thousands of years as their historic wedding tradition. Google: “Vedic
Cafe Native American Weddings”.
Or lastly how about the Vedic Phallic symbols and the Persian Manticore that are
also found in North America. Google “Phallic Symbols North America”, “Buck and
Mabel’s King Kong Dong” and “The King Arches National Park”.
How can these examples of Vedic inflences in North America just be ignored!


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