The Pentagram in Depth

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The five-pointed star or pentagram is one of the most potent, powerful, and persistent symbols in human history. It has been important to almost every ancient culture, from the Mayans of Latin America, to India, China, Greece, and Egypt. It has been found scratched on the walls of Neolithic caves, and in Babylonian drawings, where it marks the pattern the planet Venus makes on its travels- a secret symbol of the Goddess Ishtar. Scriptures, especially Hebrew, are abundant with references to pentagrams. So, why does this symbol have such a sinister reputation today?

The Pentagram in the Ancient World

The earliest pentagrams were rough diagrams found scratched into stone age caves. While they are believed to have some spiritual significance, the meaning of the star-shape to early humans is a mystery. In the civilizations that followed, it held various meanings, usually astronomical and religious. Pentagrams served to mark directions in Sumerian texts, and represented the five visible planets. Later, it was the sign of the planet Venus and the goddess.

According to the Greek mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras, five was the number of man, because of the fivefold division of the body, and the ancient Greek division of the soul. According to Pythagoras, the five points of the pentagram each represent one of the five elements that make up man: fire, water, air, earth, and psyche. (energy, fluid, breath, matter, and mind; also liquid, gas, solid, plasma, and aethyr, or spirit) The Pythagoreans held the pentacle sacred to Hygeia, the Goddess of healing, whose name (HGIEiA) was an anagram in Greek for the elements water, earth, spirit, fire, and air.

This particular symbolism has persisted for centuries, and has greatly influenced theologies of diverse traditions. Early Christians wore the pentagram as an emblem, possibly to represent the wounds of Christ, or possibly due to connections between early Christians and the Pythagorean mysteries.* Later, the pentacle was important to many doctrines of esoteric Medieval and Renaissance belief systems- alchemy, kabbalah, and Ceremonial magic.

The Pentacle and Magick

Renaissance-era ritual magicians, like the Greeks, used the Pentagram as a microcosm of the human body. The practice of Ritual Magic was used to create a state of closeness with god through the use of symbols and rituals to imitate the divine state. It was believed that like affects like, that the connection between the world of symbols and the world of actions could also be manipulated for evil purposes. One of these magicians, Giordano Bruno, warned of such misuse of the powerful pentacle by Black magicians. (The pentagram is still central to the practice of ritual magic, and is used in the foundation of many of its rituals.)

In the Jewish kabbalistic tradition, which borrows many Pythagorean ideas, the pentagram represents the five upper sephiroth on the Tree of Life- five numbers, being indivisible by any but themselves, which represent pure archetypal forces: justice, mercy, wisdom, understanding, and transcendent splendor.

Christian Pentagram?

Christian Kabbalists of the renaissance were especially enamored of the pentagram, which they viewed as a mystical proof of the divinity of Christ – to them, it symbolized Christ as the Holy Spirit manifest in the flesh. A favorite gematric feat was to add the Hebrew letter Shin (symbolizing fire and the holy spirit of Pentecost) to the Biblical four letter name of God (YHVH, most commonly [and incorrectly] pronounced ‘Jehovah’) yielding YHShVH- Y’heshua, or Jesus. (There is a secret biblical connection, as well, in the name of the Christian holiday of Pentecost- the day the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles of Jesus is one of many geometrical ‘proofs’ in the New Testament disguised as stories)

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There are many connections between the pentagram and Christianity. Before the cross, it was a preferred emblem to adorn the jewelry and amulets of early Christians (followed by an ‘x’ or a phoenix). The pentagram was associated with the five wounds of Christ, and because it could be drawn in one continuous movement of the pen, the Alpha and the Omega as one. It was also an expression of a secret Gnostic heresy, found hidden here and there throughout Christian history- a symbol of Isis/Venus as the secret goddess, the female principle. The most notable instance of this symbolism is in the Arthurian Grail romances, which are Gnostic and kabbalistic teachings disguised as tales of knightly quests.

The pentacle as a symbol of the feminine principle was was embodied by the rose. The small, five petaled roses found in many Gothic cathedral’s ornamentation are not-so-secret pentagrams:

The Pentacle in Wicca and other NeoPagan Traditions

Currently, the most common religious uses of the pentagram are by Wiccan, Neopagan, and Satanic groups. In most Wiccan and Neopagan traditions, its symbolic meaning is derived from Ceremonial magick and nineteenth century occultism- the four elements ruled by the spirit- although as these theologies mature, they have added to its meaning.

In many of these traditions, it can also symbolize the unity of mankind with the earth or with the realm of the spirit, the human body, and more.

Point up, or Point Down?

A “point down” pentacle is nothing new- nor is it necessarily Satanic when it appears as such. Historical depictions of the pentagram were as likely to be points down as point up. A distinction between one or the other was rarely made by the ancients. Even today, one must not assume a point down pentagram is Satanic, as it is just likely to be Masonic, Wiccan, or simply upside-down. Some inexperienced Wiccans will occasionally claim that a point down pentacle is Satanic, but such a symbol has at times represented the Wiccan horned God, and is still today an emblem of the Second Degree initiation in Gardnerian Wicca.

The Satanic Pentagram

In the minds of many, the pentagram is inextricably linked with black magick and Satan worship. The Satanic pentagram is a difficult symbol- it is the newest and least used, but at the same time the best known and most controversial. The Satanic pentacle is almost always presented upside down, or inverted, with a single point facing downward, and it is this pentacle that is presented incorrectly as ‘evil.’

The adoption of the pentacle as a Satanic emblem is quite recent, dating only to the latter half of the twentieth century. To the Satanist, this glyph is a representation of “Black magic,” symbolizing the triumph of matter and individual desires over religious dogma- earth over an illusory promise of heaven. It is not analogous to the upturned cross (which is a symbol of rebellion against Christian culture), and is not “anti-Wiccan.”

In modern Satanic theology, the pentagram is far more likely to represent the individual, or the choice to pursue individual glory or immortality rather than union or absorption with the divine- where some traditions advocate the sublimation of the ego or submission to god, Satanism exalts and glorifies it, deifying the human being. The symbol most commonly associated with Satanic practices is the “Sabbatic goat” or Goat of Mendes pentacle, often confused with Baphomet, a figure from Templar legend, and Pan, the Greek goat God. It rarely has any deeper meaning; an irony when one considers that its association with Satanism has made the pentagram a feared symbol to many, and the subject of countless conspiracy theories.

The Goat’s Head

The goat itself is related to medieval superstitions about the behavior of witches, who were often depicted dancing with or riding on goats (who often represented Satan himself). The goat in that context is often seen as an ironic symbol of sexual repression (the association being a clear allusion to the unrestrained sexuality represented by this ancient fertility symbol), so one can see why the symbolism might appeal to modern Satanists, as a symbol of freedom from sexual and religious taboos.

Goat Pentacle by Oswald Wirth

The Pentagram in Freemasonry

In Freemasonry and related traditions, the pentagram is usually referred to as the “blazing star,” and in addition to more traditional Pythagorean symbolism, is sometimes symbolic of the descent of the divinity of Christ into the world of matter, a remnant of Masonry’s ties with medieval Christian Kabbalah and hermetic tradition. In this, it represents the Star of Bethlehem. Freemasonry emphasizes Pythagorean geometry in its system of allegorical symbology, and as the pentagram was the chief of the Pythagorean symbols, it is not at all surprising to find it among Masonic symbols. Even so, it is still a relatively minor symbol in freemasonry, and largely ignored in today’s lodges.

The Masonic use of the pentagram has nevertheless provided endless fodder for conspiracy minded evangelicals who see its use as proof of a vast Satanic Masonic network. Many absurd connections have been made between the Satanic pentagram and the Masonic star by enthusiastic conspiracy theorists, who fail to note that the first association of the reversed pentacle with ‘evil’ is a relatively recent attitude- adopted long after Masons had been using the star without controversy for a very long time. The 19th century magical scholar Eliphas Levi is the first known to have vested the downward pointing pentacle with any real negative meaning, elaborating perhaps on Bruno’s earlier claims. It was not until the mid twentieth century that Levi’s ‘Mendes’ pentacle was adopted as an emblem of modern Satanism. No Satanic or black magic group is known to have used a pentagram before then, and even the oldest representations of black masses and other ‘satanic’ activities contain no pentagrams.

Scottish Rite Degree emblem

The Pentagram of the Founders

Surprisingly, the pentagram also plays an important part in the symbology of the early United States government (a fact not lost on the conspiracy theorists, of course.). Many of the Founding Fathers were Freemasons, to whom the Pentagram is an important symbol (see above). The five pointed star appears in much of our early iconography- the US flag, the Great Seal, and on our currency. It is even to be found in the US Capitol, where the White House sits at the apex of a giant pentagram, one of many interesting features in Capitol geometry:

Pentacles and Pentagrams

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{ 54 comments… read them below or add one }

Anonymous August 15, 2014 at 8:43 am

I believe that anything in this world can be used for good or bad.The pentacle/Pentagram is not a symbol for evil, it all depends on the intention of the practitioner.

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Leslie Cron August 2, 2014 at 2:02 pm

I am doing some studies on pentagrams and stumble across one that has me baffle. I would like anyone to reply that has knowledge about what practice of the arts that might use a pentagram similar to this! And what spell or ritual this might be? It has a horned figure in it which I figure represents the horn god, also it has a kneeling figure in a white robe with dark hair and stumps on the back which I feel represent a fallen angel maybe. Also what is unusual is instead of solid lines it has like stitch lines like in sewing. The ritual perform with this pentagram involves sexual transgression on the intended victim and after they bring this feeling they beat and belittle the victim with no mercy they also come after the victim in the physical world. They use items that might leave bruises on the victim in the shape of dog prints and inverted crosses. A very brutal ritual or spell. The victim is belittle in public by people also. It is a old pentagram and I have no picture of it to send being it is not mine. I have found very little on it only that it is a very ancient pentagram and ritual. Any information would be helpful and I would be very grateful for. Thank You! Post any information on my web site or email if it pleases you.

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Ben July 1, 2014 at 6:59 pm

what are the 5 symbols in the pentagram in the “The Pentacle in Wicca and other Neopagan Traditions” section picture?

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Jennifer July 7, 2014 at 1:14 pm

Hi Ben. They are Hebrew characters that spell out “Leviathan.”

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pauline hill February 26, 2014 at 2:05 pm

Do eastern stars believe in god

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Jennifer March 21, 2014 at 3:52 pm

The short version is yes. I don’t believe they admit atheists (the Masons prohibit them), although deity is generally left up to the member.

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Barby October 10, 2014 at 10:05 am

Much of the “secret work” can be found on the Web. I will not stray from that info, as I am an Eastern Star bound by our rules. However, it is public knowledge that the five points of the star represent five heroines from the Bible:Adah, Ruth, Esther, Martha, and Electa. The meetings open and close with prayers and, too often, we offer prayers for those members we have lost.

Eastern Star is a service organization that has fundraisers to support their “good works,” the chosen phrase for their services. Our order provides scholarships for high school graduates going to college to become teachers, as well as supporting causes foe dyslexia, among others.

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Pete December 21, 2013 at 8:35 pm

What, exactly, are you basing your ideas off of Jesse? I want to l want to know what historical text you are using to back up your claims. Did your pastor tell you that? Are you getting it from some conspiracy website or crackpot blogger? I want to know where you got the idea that the pentagram is a Satanic symbol.

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Greg Edmonds July 3, 2014 at 6:24 am

Hi Pete:

While I think the author of this article (Jennifer?) adequately answered your question in the piece itself, I’ll attempt to elaborate just a bit more.

As noted above, it might have been Alphonse Louis Comfort (using the Pen Name Eliphas Levi) who first suggested an inverted pentagram was associated with black magic.

To get an accredited view of why the pentagram is associated with modern Satanism, however, you need to jump to late 1960s San Francisco, where former circus organist Anton LaVey initiated his official “Church of Satan,” a “church,” by the way, officially sanctioned for special tax status by the United States government.

In recorded interviews, LaVey (who enjoyed cultivating the “evil” persona), explained, essentially, that the church and its symbol, the inverted pentagram, were a philosophical slap in the face of what he viewed as Puritanical Christianity.

Many (probably most that I’ve heard speak, or with whom I’ve spoken) early Church of Satan members didn’t believe in the person (disembodied or not) of Satan or Lucifer. They were avowed atheists who enjoyed their association with LaVey’s church because of its liberal attitude of self indulgence and aggrandizement.

Why LaVey and company specifically elected to employ the pentagram (and the late 20th century) “Goat of Mendes” symbol is a matter of conjecture at this point, as the founders are dead.

It’s certainly possible that they drew from Levi’s art and written work, but equally likely that they knew of the connection between early Christian symbolism of the pentacle, and employed it, in inverted fashion, as a further attack on Christian symbology, just as they used the inverted cross.

Most of LaVey’s Satanic symbolism was created in almost a tongue-in-cheek fashion, with some of his ideas coming from visual artist and magician (the stage kind) Tom Palmer, who later changed his name to Tony Andruzzi (a man I knew decades ago).

The Baphomet character mentioned above, which was created from the imagination of Eliphas Levi, in 1854 (see his work “Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie”), had a pentagram on its forehead.

The popular modern image of the Goat of Mendes (the term probably comes from the people of Mendes, in ancient Egypt, whose symbolic god was the image of a ram), was not drawn until the mid/late 20th century.

Hope this helps answer your question.

By the way, speaking of the US government, the well-written piece above doesn’t mention the most celebrated symbolic use of the pentagram in America.

The inverted star appears as the foundation of the Congressional Medal of Honor, the highest honor bestowed by the United States government upon one of its citizens, for actions of conspicuous gallantry, above and beyond the call of duty, in military service.

The medal originated in the US Civil War. The representation of the inverted star is now a matter of speculation. Some military historians believe the medal was designed the way it was simply to keep a uniform appearance with other important medals (the MOH was inspired by European military awards of the time). Such medals always had two, not one, points of connection to the ribbon or chain from which they were suspended. This design was simply easier to apply to a star which was upside down.

The star, obviously, was and is important in American history. It’s used as an identifier on US military armament and equipment, and of course, on the flag, where each star represented a specific original colony, and later, state.

Thus, another notion is that the star, being an important American symbol, was represented upside down on the medal to pay homage to fallen soldiers and sailors. Many recipients of the medal were, in fact, killed in action while conducting themselves in a manner which (often) saved the lives of others, but resulted in their own demise. The star, consequently, appears to “bow down” in reverence to this ultimate sacrifice.

The Jesse person you responded to, Pete, is probably correct that the pentacle will symbolically be associated with the occult for the foreseeable future (though not, as he — or she? — writes, necessarily Satanism). While the pentagram was employed in Cabalistic, Pagan and other, what’s now considered esoteric, ritual and symbology in historical periods long ago, it was not associated directly with modern occult ideology until the 20th century.

Let’s hope Jesse reads this, too.

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Jane November 16, 2013 at 6:31 pm

Hi, I’ve seen an article that suggests that although a pentagram can be used in satanic rituals or black Magick, it can also be used as a form of protection. Is this true?

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Jennifer January 20, 2014 at 3:39 pm

Yes. In fact, despite modern connotations of black magic, it would actually have been used as a protection from magic.

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unfa June 11, 2014 at 5:12 pm

I know of a person who wore a pentagram for protection – it seemed to ease her headaches. One must note, that such protection doesn’t come from symbols or dead objects, but from spirits binded with them. God doesn’t give his blessing in such a strange way, so coming into such relations with demons of amulets might cause severe trouble. My advice? When in doubt, consult a trusted priest – I’m not an expert, just a follower of Christ.
Bless ya!

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javier October 1, 2014 at 4:45 pm

if she believed that the pentagram would help her it could have been a case of a simple placebo effect. her belief is what cured her rather than a mystical power. Or at the very least a coincidence. just wanted to throw that out there.

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Joshua October 22, 2013 at 5:47 pm

If god forgives everything why doesnt everybody go to heaven? It’s because we’re already here. The choices that we make are what get us there.. We all can chose to have all the heaven we want or the hell we want.. We are All free to accept or reject gods love..now with that said. Were all created in gods image..but what is god?? He’s pure love! So how can god hate anything?? Now.. Look at Term “fallen angel” it doesnt mean they literally fell from heaven to earth.. it means they fell from the grace of GOD! So in a sense we all are fallen angels.. And as far as lucifer goes.. If we are all created in gods image “love” nothing can hurt us.. “the devil is nothing more then our false ego” we create him ourselves..Whatever we believe is..to some the pentagram can be an “evil” or “demonic” symbol.. To others it can represent the virtuvian man.. “which is the believe that god created us all mathematically perfect in his image.. Like him” look up the golden ratio PHI 1.618..answers are out there you just have to be open minded and willing to look… A little bit about myself.. I have the pentagram and holy trinity tattooed and my for arms and I have angel wings on my back with the word “fallen” down my spine.. I am very spirtual and I don’t just believe what I’ve be “told” I take the time to look things up for myself… I am in no way trying to say.. “Oh you’re wrong and I’m right”.. What ever you believe is.. That’s the only point I’m trying to make.

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Phillip anderson November 7, 2014 at 12:26 am

Hey I’m religious, but been told u can’t believe in this an that, due to being Christian, I’m always trying to learn whts out there, iv learned that much where my own faith is fighting with possibilitys, as well as fact, it’s to hard to explain on here, but as I learn about space, other beens, ancient history I thought about symbols, the cross a simple image in a way but an image that has changed lives, methods, logic , evolution in its own way, so I wanna know more about what’s not taught in today’s age, how did people know the stars, an everything else, they did almost 1000, 2000, years before Christ so to speak n for some reason I think the pentagram was a tool or a gift of rememberance of some sort,n it’s history of where it came from so to speak maybe the source,of why,how,when we had maybe a greater power I can’t explain it in text,I’m still religious it’s common sense not to do harm an all that,I believe in spirits but iv learned that much that I’m starting to believe religion is a possible way of stopping from knowing truth that we don’t know, so if u know anything to do with ancient Symbols ect I just want someone else’s opinion that has faith but is more open minded to see scientific truth, an why certain events example, technology being up an down,
I might be crazy but talking bout possibilitys n trying to find them is hard but what I’m looking for is very out there but yer plz

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jesse October 12, 2013 at 6:45 am

Wrong, it is and always will be linked to the devil , the devil has been here since the beginning of time angels were here before man and satan is a fallen angel the pentagram in all forms is linked to demonic activity mostly disguised as good , always about oh its for the elements or the earth , but the bible warned that the worship or admorishan of the earth or elements or stars in all forms its a disguise for demons, Demons are very real “For god so loved the world that though we were yet sinners christ died for us, god sent his only son , who was the word of god , fully god fully man to take our place in exchange for our sins he paid the price believe it or don’t , it is the truth.

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Joshua October 22, 2013 at 5:28 pm

If god forgives everything why doesnt everybody go to heaven? It’s because we’re already here. The choices that we make are what get us there.. We all can chose to have all the heaven we want or the hell we want.. We are All free to accept or reject gods love..now with that said. Were all created in gods image..but what is god?? He’s pure love! So how can god hate anything?? Now.. Look at Term “fallen angel” it doesnt mean they literally fell from heaven to earth.. it means they fell from the grace of GOD! So in a sense we all are fallen angels.. And as far as lucifer goes.. If we are all created in gods image “love” nothing can hurt us.. “the devil is nothing more then our false ego” we create him ourselves..Whatever we believe is..to some the pentagram can be an “evil” or “demonic” symbol.. To others it can represent the virtuvian man.. “which is the believe that god created us all mathematically perfect in his image.. Like him” look up the golden ratio PHI 1.618..answers are out there you just have to be open minded and willing to look… A little bit about myself.. I have the pentagram and holy trinity tattooed and my for arms and I have angel wings on my back with the word “fallen” down my spine.. I am very spirtual and I don’t just believe what I’ve be “told” I take the time to look things up for myself… I am in no way trying to say.. “Oh you’re wrong and I’m right”.. What ever you believe is.. That’s the only point I’m trying to make.

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Eli October 26, 2013 at 3:04 pm

I don’t doubt the bible but would you mind posting the verse in which it says so? I mean, worshipping something other than God is of course something that should not be done as a Christian, but we can admire the elements can’t we? God DID create the world after all.

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Jus'Say'n July 28, 2014 at 12:32 am

There is a big difference between Admiration and Worship (Or “Glorification”), is there not?!
Christ (The Annointed) is our only true protection. All other things (Amulets, Rings, Pentagrams/acles et al) are a deception of the Fallen One. Magic/Majik means “Deception”!
The Priests of On (Egypt) in the Court of Pharoah were Black Magicians/Sorcerers who were also able to turn Water to Blood and their Staffs to Snakes, Remember?!
This implies that even the Fallen Angels have limited power over the Elements.
The Anti-Christ also will be one “Understanding Dark Sentences”!!!
Meaning he will be an Occultist/Sorcerer!!!

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Louis May 7, 2014 at 4:08 pm

Dear Jesse, you are still not answering the question as to where exactly you get your Intel from and simply accusing symbols, stars, etc. as being from the Devil without any real proof.
The Bible has been manipulated over the Centuries to warp and limit the true spiritual potential in all of us humans.
Just to give you an example, The King James Bible was edited during the reign of King James of course, and how do you know The Holy Spirit or God worked through him to give us an accurate picture of his Sacred mandate.
Going back even further, Emperor Constantine, The Council of Nicaea, (and the unified consensus of what to believe and how to believe in Christ) demonstrates the interference and manipulation of man concerning this “Sacred” book.
Why do you think you go to church on “Sun-day”?
Have you heard of the Nag Hammadi texts? I think it would pay for you to go back and research this subject in more depth as opposed to simply give us the “watered down” version of Christianity which in my humble opinion takes your personal power away by having an external source of salvation.
“Know Thyself, for the Kingdom of God lies within”…….

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javier October 1, 2014 at 4:53 pm

who’s to say that the meaning wont change again? its obviously changed quite a bit, i’m curious for its next meaning. as for God and Satan. I believe there was a being that created the world but that doesn’t care we are an experiment and as long as we feed its ego(i.e. worship, sacrifice, or whatever pleases it) it will step in and help some. i am by no means attacking anyone’s faith but non of us knows what lies beyond for all we know this is it.

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Jo August 25, 2013 at 7:11 pm

. . . “the upturned cross (which is a symbol of rebellion against Christian culture). . . ” Yes, the inverted cross may be used by some as a “F*** you” to Christianity, but it should not be an insult. The Cross of St. Peter is inverted because Peter did not believe himself to be worthy enough to die in the same manner as his Lord. Thus he was crucified upside down. Basic fact checking here.

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unfa June 11, 2014 at 5:22 pm

This fact always comes to my mind when I see “satanic” musicians wearing inverted crosses.
“Good Lord!” – I say to myself – “St. Peter followers?” ;)

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Divonia July 29, 2013 at 9:50 am

Hi Im here doing research on the pentangle because Im a HUGE Adam Lambert fan and i noticed on the back cover of his “Beg For Mercy” album there’s a pentangle on it. Its not upside down but Im just checking to see if its anything bad because Im a Christian and i don’t wanna fan girl someone demonic but so far my research proves that if the pentangle is right side up (which it is on the album) then its nothing bad and in fact a Christian symbol so in other words thank the lord for this website !!!!!!!! woooooooooooooooooo

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tattoo July 3, 2013 at 7:52 am

The designs are typically symmetrical, one of the reasons why they’re fairly easy to draw. Popular Sleeve Tattoo Designs: Of course your tattoo needs to be individual and unique to you so these are just some suggestions of ideas that have been done often and make great full sleeve tattoo designs. You can practice tattooing by experimenting with as many mediums as you can.

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indra April 15, 2013 at 10:16 am

I have a very old clock wit the pentagram and norwegian writings. I wonder if i can get a translation and meaning of it.

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Senna Rakkaus Oscura Breknor March 31, 2013 at 2:45 am

Greetings!
My Concerns may seem Minute, However, When Did The Pentagram Stop Being A Christian Symbol? I Am A Clairvoyant Christian And Ive AlwaYs Been Interested In The 5 Pointed Star, Bit I Found This Site When I Was DoNg Research On Its Background. If Someone Could Tell Me When It WasNoLongerRecognized As A ChristianSymbol, That WouldBe VeryHelpful.

Ps I HaVe No Clue As To Why My Letters And WordS Are Messed Up, So I Apologize

Walk In Love!

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Sur. Real August 4, 2013 at 1:10 am

Hi, I’m not an expert, but I don’t think the pentagram ever stopped being a Christian symbol. I think what happened to the Pentagram is similar to the swastika. The swastika is still a universal religious symbol meaning various good things like love, wisdom, unity, etc. but given the abomination of Nazism the swastika now has very, very negative connotations to the modern mind. Analogously, the pentagram was used by Satanist groups (who incidentally don’t really believe in Satan but ‘practice’ it as a counter-cultural statement). These Satanist got lumped in with the “Devil Music” know as Rock n’ Roll and the 60′s counter-culture and thus the pentagram gained a negative association with conservative Christian groups. Hence, I’d say the shift from Christian to anti-Christian (of course this shift is not absolute, just a cultural perception) occurred in the mid 20th century. I also conjecture that the pentagram was never a hugely important symbol in Christianity; of course this varies between sects and I’m not saying it has no role, but Christianity has many other central symbols like the cross, the trinity, etc. Maybe this all helps, or maybe I’m just rambling, either way, peace out and much love :)

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Treebeard September 3, 2013 at 2:06 am

Pretty simple really, it is ancient, for older than 2000 years when Christianity was invented.

If you guys use it in Christianity, you are far from the first religion to use it

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Daniel Moshe Johnson December 27, 2012 at 5:13 am

Shalom
I have a 5 pointed Star in my mouth, it’s been there since I was 16, my parents did as well, I was told that it represents members of The Order of the Eastern Star.
An international humanitarian organization composed of women who are wives of advanced Masons.

I was told that the history of the pentagram “5 Star” can also be traced to many ancient cultures. The symbol was used in the 4th century BC in Mesopotamia, both as the seal of Solomon and of Jerusalem for the Jewish people.

As well, among my ancestry, which is linked back to King Solomon and Queen Sheba, the 5 star in Ethiopian Hebrew represents the female, and of course through persecution and inquisitions, many Jewish Ethiopian were force to convert to Islam or Christianity.

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Anonymous September 2, 2013 at 12:22 am

The Order of the Eastern Star is an organization that is run separately from Free Masonry. They are related, yes, but The Order of the Eastern Star is not strictly for the wives of Masons. It’s one of the female counterparts.

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Anonymous October 19, 2013 at 10:11 am

Your wrong. The Eastern Stars was invented for females (wives and daughters) only related to Masons and because of their decline they started accepting women out of that circle. I am a Mason and my wife an Eastern Star, if I’m correct they can’t have a meeting “without” a Mason brother present who himself is initiated into the Eastern Star order.

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unfa June 11, 2014 at 5:26 pm

Forgive me the silly question, but what do you exactly mean by “I have a 5 pointed Star in my mouth”. Is it a tattoo or what?

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Albert December 5, 2012 at 12:30 pm

The Pentagram is also represented in Nature as in the equatorial cross section of the Pawpaw fruit. Its magic is thus connected with powerful forces of Nature and should be handled responsibly.

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John Sculley October 16, 2012 at 10:39 am

Hello,
I’m researching an 1856 seated liberty quarter with two counterstamps. The obverse counterstamp is a five-pointed star with five lines intersecting at the center. The reverse has a cross counterstamp. Is there someone at this site who would like to see images of this old coin and perhaps give me some insight to it? If so, please contact me by email and I will send the images. Thanks very much.
John Sculley

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Lynne September 9, 2012 at 1:23 pm

Sorry, it also has a dot in the centre.

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Lynne September 9, 2012 at 1:21 pm

I have a very old ring which shows a pentagram design with a dot between each of the five points. Any clues? I’ve been told it’s a Templar ring but can’t find any reference to the design anywhere.

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Jorge Cotto July 22, 2012 at 9:40 pm

Why does the Pentagram have Hebrew letters on it?

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Jennifer October 30, 2012 at 1:50 pm

Hi Jorge. You’ll find in your travels that this is fairly common in pentagrams from the renaissance era, as they were incorporated in magical practices largely by Christian magicians. Hebrew, being the language of the angels, was important in both Jewish (obviously) and Christian magic. In these times, pentagrams were quite sacred, and not regarded as evil as they often are today.

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Kent Robinson July 22, 2012 at 9:51 am

I found this article fascinating. I especially love how the pentagram was explained as to how the forefathers of this country used it. I already knew this. I was raised as a Jehovah’s Witness….and, they try to unearth everything “pagan”. I also knew it was connected to the Masons. But, I did not exactly how. I am a student of the Craft, and now where one. I always was mystified how people become terrified at a symbol. And, I wear it as such. It’s no different than a Christian wearing a cross. I do not bow down and revere a Symbol. If, Christians or any other kind of believer doesn’t have enough brains or freedom to research there own belief system/s, and, the origins on which that system is founded….Then I’m sorry. I find that person/s kind of dull and boring. After, I got away from CHUCHIANITY, and did research, I had no right nor merit to proselytize people into religions I knew nothing about! Any path that helps us mature as a person should not be ridiculed by a casual observer who knows little about the foundation of their own! This is MY PERSONAL OPINION.

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brian July 18, 2012 at 6:02 am

what are those 5 words around the pentagram are they islamic

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Jennifer May 2, 2013 at 11:15 pm

They are Hebrew. :)

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Tarryn July 5, 2012 at 2:25 am

i was just wondering with the elements in a pentagram where would they be positioned because i was reading another website saying “However, when Fire is in contact Earth, the Earth dries up, becomes lifeless, empty. The same happens with jewels: energy of Earth gemstone is suppressed by the Fire gemstone. Water and Fire destroy each other; combination of Air and Water creates a negative, “rotten” power.” so how do i come up with a pentgram with the five elements when they are all conected

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cynthia Abeyta May 24, 2012 at 7:51 pm

Slash the guitarist had a shirt on the other night. It had Mickey Mouse and in the middle of the head was a star with a goat in the middle. What does this symbol represent?

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Claudia Rosa Santos March 29, 2012 at 12:27 pm

Hello just to say I loved your site, nothing is simple and flashing colors that do not affect the vision and the best is that it brings numerous symbols and despite studying the Celts, Druids and be a practitioner of Wicca symbols found that did not know, thanks for sharing with the world the your knowledge.

Blessed Be

Your Portuguese friend Lhiannon

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Liam March 14, 2012 at 6:01 am

Hey in regards to levays satanic pentagram deos the markings in the outer circle have a particular meaning or are they there for no appernt reason been loking everywhere no answer. Some one believe there enoihain(angelic language) but i dont have a satanic bible to cheak as anton levay conscribed his enochain differntly to other style on wikipedia :p

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Jennifer May 6, 2013 at 8:41 pm

In regard to the one pictured, it spells out “Leviathan” in transliterated Hebrew characters.

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Misha pilsudski June 4, 2011 at 8:59 pm

What are the symbols of healing on the pentagram?
What are the symbols of luck on the pentagram?

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Michael Harrison October 21, 2010 at 3:33 pm

why does it have hebrew letters around the pentagram?

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Tasha July 8, 2010 at 6:07 pm

I’m doing research on cemeteries and I found an upside down pentagram, it has a bible in the center, I couldn’t see the symbols in the points as well one lookes like a chalice, and one like a hand like the type that is drawn usually holding a bible. any ideas what it’s from?

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Jennifer July 13, 2010 at 4:34 pm

That is almost without a doubt the emblem of the Eastern Star, a Masonic affiliate:

http://symboldictionary.net/?p=3184

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Renee November 15, 2009 at 1:11 pm

Bela (bē’lə), in the Bible.
1 First king of Edom.
2 Benjamin’s first son. An alternative spelling is Belah.
3 City later called Zoar.

Sela (“rock”) in the bible….
A town in northern EDOM When Amaziah, king of Judah, conquered and slew 10,000 Edomites he changed its name to Joktheel (II Kgs 14:7; II Chr 25:12ff). The name Sela has been preserved in modern es-Sela, where a small Edomite-Nabatean fortress has been discovered 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Tafileh. The identification of Sela with Petra, ancient REKEM has no foundation in fact.

But then again, way back when… the pentangle, or 5 points…. were Christian Symbols…..

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Renee November 15, 2009 at 12:58 pm

beautiful ‘ and ‘ saddle ‘ in portugese

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Brian Eriksson June 13, 2009 at 12:53 pm

I have an amulet with a pentangle given to my mother by her uncle which has the words ‘bela’ and ‘sela’ inscribed around the encompassing circle. Do you have any idea what the words mean?

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