Cross of St. Andrew (Cross decussata, crux saltire or saltier)

This variant on the Greek cross looks like a large “X,” and represents in Christianity the initial of Christ, the Greek letter chi. It is the original Christian cross, predating the Latin cross by several hundred years.

It is most often referred to as the Cross of St. Andrew, after the manner of the Saint’s supposed crucifixion.

As St. Andrew is the Patron saint of Scotland, his cross has become a symbol of Scotland, appearing on flags and other emblems.

St. Andrew with his cross

Related Symbols:

Chi-rhoLatin Cross

{ 1 comment }

FoxOdendaal May 2, 2012 at 11:54 am

Good description, ive been looking for info on the X, because there are quite a few National Flags boasting what is commonly known as the “St. Andrew-Cross”, (by the Catholics in that country of coarse.)
The Irish flag, Confederate Flag and the Voortrekker Flag are some more examples, but important that only Ireland and Scotland, being from Anglican (cATHOLIC-VARIATION) call the cross a “ST Andrew”, but not the Confederate States of US, and also not called ST Andrew’s Cross by the Voortrekkers, because both these last groups, as mostly Protestant VOlk, does not recognise Popes, Bishops or Saints

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