This image is an ancient Zia Pueblo sun symbol. “Zia” means sun, and is also the name of the symbol.
Today it is the sole symbol on the flag of the State of New Mexico, but the symbol is very old- it is found on pottery, art, and other artifacts of the Zia Pueblo tribes of New Mexico.
The number four is sacred to the Zia Indians, and this emblem embodies this number as the powers of nature- the sun, the four directions, seasons, and the ages of man.
Zia tribes have sought compensation for New Mexico’s “unauthorized” use of the symbol.