Peace Pipe (calumet, chanunpa, C’anupa)


One of the best known Native American symbols is the calumet, a ceremonial tobacco pipe or “peace pipe.” Such highly decorated pipes were used by many Native tribes in ceremonial contexts, including the sealing of treaties and pacts and religious observances.

Calumet means “reed” in French, and is the name used by French settlers who observed the use of cermeonial pipes.

The Lakota name chanupa means ‘reed’ 

The phrase ‘peace pipe’ originates with western settlers who observed its use during peace negotiations.

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