Pentagram (pentacle, pentangle, pentalpha)

The pentagram is a five pointed star commonly associated with Wicca, Ritual magick, Satanism, and Masonry. The Pentagram has a long and complex history as a religious symbol. Found scrawled in caves of ancient Babylonia, the five pointed star was copied from the star shaped pattern formed by the travels of the planet Venus in the sky.

The emblem remained popular through many cultures and time periods- it was called the pentalpha by the Greeks, who believed it had magical properties.

For a time, a pentagram was the official seal of the city of Jerusalem:

In later times, it was used by medieval Christians to symbolize the five wounds of Christ, and figured in the heavily symbolic Arthurian romances. In medieval times, the pentagram represented the proportions of the human body.

Through the Middle Ages and Renaissance, the pentagram was commonly used (ironically) as a charm against witches and demons. (like other protective knots, it was considered effective only if drawn perfectly)

It was not until the twentieth century that the pentagram became associated with Satanism, probably due to misinterpretation of symbols used by ceremonial magicians.

In alchemical texts, the four elements (in Latin)- flatus, ignus, aqua, terra, superseded by light, or divine energy- illustrated the process of creation, and the biblical motto Fiat Lux, or, “let there be light.”

In Wiccan/Pagan lore, the pentagram symbolizes the five elements- earth, air, water, fire, and spirit. The Wiccan emblematic pentagram faces point upward to symbolize the triumph of spirit over matter; the Satanic pentagram is transposed, point downwards, to symbolize earthly gratification, or the triumph of the individual over dissolution. Some Wiccan initiatory grades also utilize a reversed pentacle, although for different purposes.

A pentacle used for ritual purposes in Gardnerian Wicca

A pentagram enclosed within a circle is known as a pentacle, although pentacles do not always contain pentagrams.

For a more detailed look at the history and meaning of this symbol: The Pentagram.

See also: pentacle gallery

Related Symbols:
Druze starStar of Babalon

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{ 41 comments… read them below or add one }

brian h April 7, 2014 at 10:14 pm

the inverted pentagram has different meanings it is a very ancient symbol. to me it represents defiance against the judeo-christian slave mentality.it represents power of the individual’s true will and nature.it is the symbol of personal godhood through complete and total control of one’s life and action unlike christianity likes to blame some fictional devil for their action’s..christian’s are the evil they are against..so this symbol is victory over that not excluding other world religions like (islam,buddhism,hinduism) or any idea that teaches that man must have a outside diety to control man’s life..

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Beth March 26, 2014 at 1:56 am

I love this website and how it shows you lots of pentacles and howit tells me everything I need ti know about them and more!!!!!Thumbs up!

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spirit wolf wiccan March 16, 2014 at 7:57 pm

I always was fascinated by the moons brightness in the sky and I think what would I do without it.
And yes I know that the sun looks bright cause the sun reflects off the moon don’t judge me.

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Lucifervulus April 11, 2013 at 8:40 am

The Australian Victorian Police use an inverted pentegram as their symbol. With the words “To serve and protect” (or something to that effect). It represents that they protect the physical body (ie, the upward facing point represents the head, or the mind, of a person and the rest of the star the body. By putting the head or mind underneath the body they show that they are protect the body or that they are the physical protection.)

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IO December 31, 2012 at 11:42 pm

The upright pentagram (with the superior three points facing upwards) symbolizes the solar forces (good), the pentagram upside down (with the inferior two points facing upwards) symbolizes the tenebrous forces (evil). This needed to be clarified!

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Victoria December 30, 2012 at 4:02 pm

The pentacle is a ritual tool used by Wiccans to symbolize the element of earth. It is a disc that may or may not be inscribed with a pentagram.

The terms “pentacle” and “pentagram” are often confused, by Wiccans and non-Wiccans alike. It has nothing to do with whether a circle is surrounding the star or not. A star within a circle is still a pentagram.

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Jennifer May 6, 2013 at 4:54 pm

The concept of a pentacle or panticle existed long before the advent of Wicca. It generally refers to *any* circular magical device on which symbols are inscribed, whether physical or drawn, although the name suggests it was quite specific at an earlier point.

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Anita Entz December 21, 2012 at 2:26 pm

OK, I was brought up in the old Methodist way, which was closer to Unitarian. Unfortunately, the wave of “Born Again & Spirit Filled” has even infected my old Church. I am currently following Wicca/Paganism. Mostly because they are familiar with the idea that the Creative Force is too big for us to truly encompass all of its faces, most people in Wicca/Paganism use the faces & names of the various dieties to fit with the end endeavor, or what you are wanting help with. Catholics do it with their Saints (my favorite is St. Francis) The Unitarians believe that no ONE faith has a grasp of ALL the truth, but if we all come together and share the best parts of our various beliefs, we will be closer than we are now.
Blessed Be to All, Merry Meet, Merry Part & Merry Meet Again!

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Steve December 6, 2012 at 12:52 am

Yup, true, religions are all man made which is why Jesus, the Messiah, of Man Kind Eixsted and always has and always will came to earth and said, “Look gusy, you gotta it all wrong. Your evolution has come to this point in time, and if you want the answers you’ve been seeking I Am that Way, The Truth, and the Way to Eternal Life. Not one pagan belief ‘system’ can make that claim, provides Eternal Truths, and make the claim that through Him one can receive the Spirit of Existence Itself ,what we call ‘God” and what he called Father as he was the Manifestation of the Essence of Existence in the form of Human because we as humans were not equipped to deal with it back then. Apparently, some are not equipped to deal with it today either and continue to fabricated archaic ‘ideas and systems’ of old. Is that wrong? I would not venture to say, but why when the Answer Has Been revealed? Is it bad upbringing or wrong notions and ideas? yes, including denominations. All these OTHER things are not of God is the reality, they are all man made and have no basis. The proof is in the puddings taste as always though, and until one has received that Spirit within, the rest is head knowledge and ancient rhetoric, so do not even bother ‘telling me anything’ to the contrary because if so, one cannot possibly know what I’m talking about. Maybe one day is suffering bad enough and finds out nature will not save them, they’ll figure it out.

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Rivka December 25, 2013 at 11:19 am

Just pointing out that you said religions are made by man, yet you preach about your man made religion being the right path. Jesus is apart of your man made religion. Do not try making everyone else’s path any less important than your own. That sir is Pride which is listed amongst your religions 7 deadly sins.

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pheonix November 30, 2012 at 11:25 am

I would just like to point out that almost every religion has a star in it somewhere, And that the article never said anything about the religions using the same version just that they use simular pentagrams. As for the meanings of the pentagrams its pretty much like the article said the star represents different things to different people and religions. Until we die NO ONE knows what religion if any is the right one so why bad mouth any of them? Personally I’m a Spiritualist I have studied alot of religions I lean more towards old school pagan than any of the others but feel that all of them have truths in them.

As for how individuals and churches interpret scriptures pretty much any religious leader will tell you that the scriptures are guidelines and open to interpretation. From my understanding its kinda like those kids books that have every fifth word taken out and a _____ but in. We are suppose to use them to guide us not to tell us every little detail of our lives so if its not affecting us directly who cares how anyone in particular interprets a story? Now before anyone starts bashing me I openly admit that I have not done any research on this topic in quite sometime and am speaking from memory so alot of what I am saying may be distorted, half truth, or even completely wrong.

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Bonson July 14, 2012 at 3:13 am

Oh yeah, a note to all this protains. Research requires cross referencing and tedious deductive reasoning. One cannot simply read what is brought before him without asking vital questions like: Who wrote this body of work?
Why did the author produce this volume? And is it possible that certain facts surrounding the subject might be distorted or obscured in some way? Now people, regardless of your belief system, hopefully we are all adults here. Slander is usually a tool of the igorant and fearful. Besides, one can attract more bees with honey than with vinegar.

Judaism got its name due to the fact that after Nebuchadnezzar displace ten tribes of Israelites after defeating them in war, the remaining to were The tribes of Benjamin and Judah and some scattered Levites. The tribes of Benjamin and the scattered Levites were absorbed into the tribe of Judah, hence Judaism. The key is studing where common known history intersects little known history. The problem is most of y’all not all hate World His 101, American His 101, and etc. If you cant stomach modern history books how can stomach the latter! God Bless all, whom ever you worship. Believers of the godhead ideology you dont have to study Crowley or conform to satanism to elevate oneself. Remember the reason why Lucifer fell was due to the fact Lucifer refused to prostate to Adam thinking himself Gods most perfect creation. Lucifer was known for his superior intelligence absent wisdom of proper application, hence light bearer. Hence Illuminated one. The Morning Star. It is a known controversy that many believe the god of the Old Testement is not the God of the New Test…What say you all? Easy funtamentalist no punch intended;facts is facts.

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Bonson July 14, 2012 at 2:40 am

When it says that God lived in 12 houses he meant the different tribes of Israelites and there were 13 original zodiac symbols Ophiuchus. The 13th sign of the zodiac, unlike the other 12 signs is actually associated with a real person. In the 27th Century BCE in Ancient Egypt lived a man known as Imhotep. Imhotep was known as ‘Aesclepius’ by the Ancient Greeks, however the attributes are the same under either name. Sorry Isis your research needs adjustments.

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milgo May 25, 2012 at 12:30 pm

b4 anyone rushes to conclusions, let them study the following;
holy quran.
jewish talmud.
the vedas
holy bible $ any other holy book. we cannot unfairly judge others from our ignorance

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What!? April 15, 2012 at 7:51 pm

a good book to try understand symbols would be the OLDEST The Book of Wisdom or The Wisdom of Solomon (same book dif name) and the key of Solomon u can find. Also just try look around old book stores for some grimoires also oldest u can find, like yellow frail pages old, probably cost you a bit tho.

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What!? April 15, 2012 at 7:33 pm

Isis u retard, morning star is Lucifer before he was thrown from heaven ass. i’m not pagan or christian or anything, but i studied a hell of a lot of it and Crowley is an idol to me. i follow my own beliefs and apparently i’m inherently evil.. i just don’t think so, i just think people shouldn’t get in my way and i shouldn’t get in others way ether, i live how i want to, not the way every1 else wants me to. somewhere along the lines religion lost it’s meaning and became more company based than anything. the pentagram in case u haven’t realized. is a star it has 5 points. u can make like a million assumptions of where it came from. but a lot of people use it for lots of reasons. SO, long story short. screw you guys who think YOUR way is the right one. you all have vivid imaginations that’s about the bottom line here.
P.S don’t just go Google and then believe the first thing you read(i see alot of that if i read up). oh and your article at the top is a load of shit, pagans are pagans not anything else or connected to anything else its a different thing entirely. was before religion … it made sense :/

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Thomas April 14, 2012 at 9:42 am

i believe most pf you have no ideas of what you are saying Wiccan is i thing of mind is not what you can just sit somewhere and keep saying what you really don’t know.. please let keep these offline for a better understanding and for more discussion. contact me on “bayothomas@yahoo.com” i believe there you see the true and become what or who ever you want to become. looking forward to read from you all.

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Liz April 8, 2012 at 4:03 pm

@Justin
before you openly criticize someone for openly defending her faith, maybe you should do your own research, not just a wiki search. And this is coming from an extremely faithful Christian, but that doesn’t need to mean that I can’t acknowledge previous meanings before the Vatican destroyed them in effort to destroy paganism and force Catholicism.

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Liz April 8, 2012 at 4:00 pm

Someone needs to do some research…heavy, real research…and then come back and edit this website. Not just this entry, but all of them. The pentagram, or pentacle, for example, dates back around 1500 years or so before Christianity, representing the sacred feminine and the joining of male and female.

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Jennifer April 20, 2012 at 10:02 am

“Ancient Babylonia.” Perhaps before you spout grabage you might actually read what you’re criticizing?

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Archie hlongz March 10, 2012 at 1:14 pm

The pentagram represent the movement of the planet Venus.Venus was a known god of the Romans,so…. think about it.

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when night cokes March 1, 2012 at 11:58 am

I agree with isis…she’s right..as a pagan i am severly offended that people misenterprtet likr thiat

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Justin February 24, 2012 at 12:05 am

@Isis
Satan, before he became satan, was known as the morning star and bringer of light, hence the latin translation of the name Lucifer. God, nowhere in the hebrew texts, is referred to as these things. if anything, you connecting the title “bringer of light” and “morning star” with the pentagram only further connects the symbol with satanism.
Please get your facts straight yourself before you criticize the way others interpret religious texts. Thank you

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Arlen September 21, 2011 at 1:13 pm

We´ve rounding in circles all along… each symbol was understood differently by different cultures and cryteria even ages, the eldest of an ancient tribe would interpret this as a “star” and the young ones as a comet … or a sign or love or nature…. who cares ´we are all connected to each other…so feell free to believe and to create your own true… just try to not harm anyone on your way… Love Always

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Chad August 13, 2011 at 8:35 pm

Well spoken TheGuy. It it a relief to see someone who has actually done some homework on the matter and state facts. Kudos to you!

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TheGuy July 8, 2011 at 1:31 am

Hmmmm….. Well, it appears that nearly everyone needs to check their facts more closely.

The only post I read where someone was “enlightening” everyone with their information that did not have incorrect information is M. Mastermann. Everyone else has errors.

Just some quick notes to give some direction for research:
#1- Pagans don’t worship God, they worship other created entities, be that lesser ‘gods’, angels, mother earth, etc.
#2- Christianity is a fairly new religion. Technically speaking though, Christianity is Judaism.
#3- Islam is an even newer religion than Christianity. Technically speaking also, Islam is Judaism.
#4- Lucifer is not the Morning Star.
#5- The religion referred to as Judaism came from an earlier religion that also worshiped only the One God.
#6- Judaism is referred to as ‘Judaism’ because the most popular group who practiced it were the Jewish people.
#7- The pentagram is not a pagan symbol as many like to believe. This article is correct in its description of the pentagram.

Don’t bother arguing with me. I don’t care if you believe me. I have done the research myself, so I know what I have stated is correct. If you don’t like something that I have said and disagree, please go and do all the research you can and find out all the information you can on the subject to prove me wrong. When you have discovered the truth, you will be a wiser person for it. Spread the truth.

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Rivka December 25, 2013 at 12:08 pm

I agree with all of what you said except a portion of #5.. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all Abrahamic religions.. meaning that they can all meet back to one person, Abraham. Abraham was born 2000 years prior to the Jewish man named Yashua (Jesus to Christians) entering the picture. Abraham was born in Ur, which lies in modern day Iraqi, a stones throw from Nassriah. The people of Ur built a beautiful worship alter known as the Ziggurat of Ur (which still stands) for the Moon High Goddess Nanna, although they were not monotheistic. Abraham, the fore father of these 3 major monotheistic religions (beginning with Judaism), was born into polytheism. Judaism had only become monotheistic a mere 1500 years before Yashua was born. So, there fore the claim that Judaism originated from a previously monotheistic religion is neither founded nor a historical possibility.

FYI for anyone who thinks my comment is bias do to religion, I am Agnostic raised Messianic Jew. That truly means, I know that there is a higher power, however I can not claim to know what it is as there is not enough factual WHOLE truths for my liking. Therefore, I educate myself.. and not from blogs or Wikipedia or even Google. I read, A LOT.. I take any class I can that will even give me a portion of the answer. There are a lot of people who know half the story, actually more like a quarter of the story. I fully believe that if enough knowledge is gained, then all of these half and quarter truths will lead me in the direction of the complete picture. I do not claim to know any more than that of my fellow man, however, I do not speak of things that I do not have a full grasp on. Too many individuals open their mouths to degrade or prove wrong their fellow man without truly knowing what they speak of. Many are either blinded by faith or are simply sheep and do what is told of them without asking why.. One must always ask questions, that is how we learn and in turn become closer to the WHOLE truth!

@TheGuy Thank you so very much for your post, and please do not take my reply as disrespect. Actually, it is quite the opposite. You are quite knowledgeable and I could not pass by without sharing my love of knowledge with you, as shared in respect of your own.

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path June 28, 2011 at 12:41 am

there is so much wrong here i dont even know where to start to try to correct any of it. there is wrong in many parties, and thats because different books interpret things differently. i dont care about your religion in your argument, what you are is invalid to prove a point. until someone cites something, i consider all of the arguing wrong because i have seen most of it differently, but the scriptures leave it up for debate. i dont feel like citing it because i would spend too much time doing so. i wish you the best of luck in your pursuit to flame each other and remember this one simple quote:
” its strange isnt it? people would rather believe authority as the truth rather than truth as the authority.”

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emobrat June 13, 2011 at 10:25 pm

i don’t care what everyone else thinks but i agree with Isis almost everyone misinterprets the bible expesiolly the churches they say thing how THEY think thing SHOULD be said not how they actually are i know i was raised Christian!

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Carson May 18, 2011 at 9:07 pm

Wow, Isis you need a spelling lesson. Supposedly free will was granted to man by God. Personnally I don’t believe in organized religion. Man is too corrupt to have that much power over the people. In a thousand years Democracy could be interpreted as a religion.

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LUCIFER September 27, 2010 at 9:57 am

Isis als die die alle namen kennt müsste dies eigentlich wissen

im übrigen sind viele

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T July 23, 2010 at 8:48 am

Uhh…Isis you are very confused. In the bible, the lightbearer aka morning star is none other than Lucifer. When Lucifer was cast out of heaven, he was then referred to as Satan/Devil. Satan is the ENEMY OF GOD AND CHRIST. Do not be confused. Check your facts.

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Isis June 21, 2010 at 9:01 pm

When they talk about god lives in 12 houses in his mansion they talk about the 12 zodiac houses…
No wonder christians dont understand the bible what it says in the old testament and inturp it wrong..even the churches do..look hoe the church has wrote in the new testament under the revelation. They talk against the old testament. :/

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Isis June 21, 2010 at 6:04 pm

Venus is connected to the symbol of Balance=Libra!
If u inturp the bible correctly in the old testament u will find that all is about the universe and the zodiac symbols…
Read the book of Job,Luke, matthew,Corinthians,marthian,Mark,Euhthisians..

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Isis June 21, 2010 at 6:00 pm

It is the sun, moon, saturn, mars.It is called the star of life..in the middle of the pentacle it is the star or the sun or as it called “the giver of life”..GOD=lightbearer!! In the bible god is also called the lightbearer or the morningstar. The bringer of light!!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PLg4vuYtCY4

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Isis June 21, 2010 at 5:49 pm

TRhis symbol is also used in other religions as Islam but is changed a little bit..but has the same meaning…

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Isis June 21, 2010 at 5:47 pm

..and for that matter i belive in some things in the christian bible too bec it is connected with my belifs but the chuch has also fucked some things up..some things are missing and some things has the chuch inturped wrong too.
The bible comes also from the pagans eg from the beginning..The OLD TESTAMENT!!!

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Isis June 21, 2010 at 5:45 pm

Bahahhahaha I cant belive what i read! I am an Pagan and this shits me off badly!!
No wonder we pagans are seen as EVIL..All pagans are not Wiccans and i dont want even satanists to be connected with me!!
We are not evil! we are of love and light of the universe! BALANCE!!! Read the scriptures search the truth about this powerful symbol and the real pagans..It is even in the holy bible and other religions u morons if u can inturp the scriptures correctly!!..It is an sign for god and the universe and the heavens and earth, an holy symbol!
My belifs as an pagan is also from the christian side..
Pagans were the first that came before christ and christianity!!
U must search back in the beginning of times to understand ALL!!!

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In your dreams March 3, 2010 at 3:40 am

You know half your info is a lie i’m wondering how many people get on here and believe your bullshit

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Jennifer March 3, 2010 at 4:56 am

Just what do you feel is “a lie?”

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M. Mastermann July 5, 2009 at 7:32 pm

Pentagram represents the basic flow pattern of 5 aspects of LIFE energy or ki, chi, prana… Our 5 fingers of 2 hands correspond to these aspects flows/contraflows; 2 x 10 in total.
Little finger – Mineral touches the world.
Annular finger – Plant touches and tastes the world.
Middle finger – Animal touches, tastes and smells the world.
Index finger – Human touches, tastes, smells and see the world.
Thumb – Magus touches, tastes, see and understand the world .
5 STEPS to 20 DOORS

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