Celtic Cross (Ionic Cross, Cross of St Columba)

The Celtic Cross (Ionic cross) has its roots in a pre-Christian variation of the Solar cross. Examples of the Celtic cross date back as far as 5000 years BCE.  The origin of the Celtic cross are not clear, but it was known to be an early symbol of the Gallic sun god Taranis. After the conversion of the Celtic people to Christianity, the Celtic Cross became an emblem of the Celtic Christian Church. Irish legend holds that the cross was introduced to Ireland by St. Columba, so it is sometimes referred to as Columba’s cross, or the Ionic cross, after his monastery on the isle of Iona.

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Irish stone Cross Celtic god Taranis with solar wheel
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Related Symbols:
Chi-roAnkh
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Shamash | symboldictionary.net
February 18, 2010 at 4:22 pm
No dia dos Filhos e Filhas de Mil | Irmandade Druídica Galaica
March 17, 2013 at 9:28 am

{ 7 comments… read them below or add one }

susan mcGuire January 23, 2016 at 1:46 pm

I found a celtic cross 43 years ago in the sand on the Gulf of Mexico.
On the back of it is a candlelabra with 3 candles and the initial J and A at the base of the candlelabra .
Do you know what this might mean? Thank you for your time.
Susan

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Anonymous February 25, 2016 at 11:49 pm

The inscription on the back is from jewelry maker James Avery. They specialize in sterling silver.

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julie boisselle September 9, 2014 at 11:46 pm

I was given a celtic cross necklace 30 +/- years ago by my grandmother. It is two sided. Front side has a round red stone in center. Back side has 2 cats & a bunch of hieroglyphics of people on it. It is pure silver & very old…

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Kaite July 12, 2014 at 9:08 am

I was given a medallion with a square cross on it but it has Celtic looking patterns throughout it. Any idea what it is?

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Jennifer July 13, 2014 at 12:22 am

Most likely a solar cross of some sort. Do you have a picture?

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Nicole June 16, 2014 at 4:14 am

I have been given a pendant that appears to be very very old it has the celtic cross symbol and engraved with 2 other small symbols on it as well as Scotland faded but still legibly seen….however as it hangs it seems to be upside-down unless im wrong but would love someone who has interest in these things or knowledge on them but would love to show a picture of it to someone who may be able to give me any clue as to it age and meaning as well as of the symbols put into it PLEASE REPLY im so so curious…. Thanks for your time and hopefully I hear from someone soon thankyou again..my number is 0407249382 feel free to call if possible. …

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Jennifer June 22, 2014 at 1:05 pm

Hi Nicole, do you by any chance have a picture?

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