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baphomet

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Music and Pop Culture Symbols:

“Questioning” The Artist Formerly Known as Prince “The Artist” Heartagram Heartagram Zoso Zoso Seal of Lucifer Lucifer Sigil
Triqueta Triquetra

 

Druid & Celtic Symbols

Triqueta Shield Knot Claddagh Triqueta Green man Celtic world tree
Triquetra Shield Knot Claddagh Triqueta Green man Tree of Life
Brigid's cross Triskele Shield Knot
Brighid’s cross Celtic Knot Druidry Triskele Shield Knot Shamrock
Cauldron Welsh Dragon Celtic Cross Druid Cernunnos, Herne
Cauldron Welsh Dragon Celtic Cross Awen Spiral Cernunnos

More Celtic Symbols

All images copyright Jennifer Emick/Symboldictionary.net, except where otherwise noted

Christian & Gnostic Symbols

Ankh Christian Ankh Jerusalem Cross Cross of Lorraine Cross Lorraine Vesica pisces Jesus Fish (Ichthus)

Trinity fish

Triqueta

Orthodox
Reverse cross Anchor Fish Anchor fish Alexamenos Serpent cross Sacred Heart Christogram
IHS IHS Alpha and Omega Alpha & Omega Chi-ro Chi Rho Crucifix Crucifix Messianic seal Messianic Halo Halo

More Christian & Gnostic Symbols

Magick, Occult, Satanic Symbols:

Baphomet Pentagram Necronomicon Chaos Chaos Mendes Goat Mendes Goat Hexagram Hexagram
Witch’s Knot Enneagram Hermetic Seal Unicursal hexagram Unicursal hexagram Ouroboros Ouroboros Sephirot Kabbalah
Mark of the Beast Mark of the Beast Hand of Glory Rose Cross Lamen GD Lamen Seal of Saturn Saturn Star of Babalon Babalon Seal Pentagram

More Occult Symbols

Wiccan/ Pagan Symbols:

Hecate's wheel Hecate’s Wheel Triqueta Triquetra Pentacle Pentacle Green man Green man Triple goddess Triple Goddess Pentacle Pentacle
Theban alphabet Witch’s runes Cauldron Horned God Triple crescent Triple crescent Elven star Athame Athame
Greenman Greenman Seax Seax Boline Besom Besom Witch's sign Witch’s Sign Pentacle Horned God

More Neopagan Symbols

All images/text copyright Jennifer Emick/Symboldictionary.net, except where otherwise noted

Norse, Asatru, Romuva, and Eastern Europe:

Romuva Romuva Triple horn Odin’s horn Valknut Thunder Cross Shield Knot Shield Knot Helm of awe Helm of Awe
Hugin and Munin Hugin and Munin Mjolnir- Thor's hammer Mjolnir Runes Runes Sleipnir Sleipnir Gungnir Gungnir Solar cross
Irminsul Irminsul Jumis Jumis Nidstang Nidstang Yggdrasil Yggdrasil Triceps Wolf's Cross Wolf’s Cross

More Norse Symbols

Egyptian & Egyptian Pagan Symbols:

Uraeus Uraeus Winged disk Ankh Ankh Isis throne Eye of Horus Eye of Ra/Horus Scarab Scarab
Lotus Uraeus Horus Lemniscate infinity Djed Feather of Ma'at Maat Sistrum Sistrum
Abraxas Abraxas Nuit Hathor Ba bird Akhet Coming soon! Flower of Life

More Egyptian Symbols

Ancient Greek, Roman Symbols:

Horned Hand Mano Fico Gorgon Gorgon Caduceus Labrys, sacred axe Labrys Minotaur Minotaur Venus of Willendorf Willendorf
Fasces Fasces Orphic egg Orphic egg labrynth Tetraktys Hygeia Lauburu Lauburu

More Greek & Roman Symbols

Assyrian/Babylonian, Phoenician, Syrian, and Zoroastrian:

Knot of Inanna Inanna’s Knot Assyrian winged solar disk Assyrian sun disk Star of Ishtar Ishtar seal Sign of Tanit Tanit Sign of Shamash Shamash seal Fravashi Farohar
“Dagon” Mesopotamian Tree of Life Mespotamia Simurgh Kerub Tetragrammaton Tiamat Tiamat

More Assyrian/Babylonian Symbols

Islam, Judaism, Sufism, & Baha’i:

Crescent and star Star & Crescent Magen David Magen David Hamsa Allah Allah Sufi winged heart Sufi YHVH YHVH
Druze star Druze Star Baha'i star Baha’i Menorah Menorah Baha'i ringstone Ringstone Messianic Star Messianic Nidstang Aaronic Blessing

More Middle Eastern Symbols

African, Rasta, Vodou & Santeria:

Akua’ba Veve Veve Eleggua fetish Eleggua Rastafarian lion of Judah Lion of Judah Veve, Agwe Agwe Chi-wara Chiwara
Exu; Candomble Riscados Rastafarian star of David Rasta Adinkra Gya Name Ethiopian Cross Ethiopian Cross Adinkra Adinkra

See more African Symbols

Taoist, Shinto, Buddhist, and Asian cultural symbols:

Maneki Neko Maneke Neko Buddha’s Eyes Torii Gate I Ching Endless knot Endless knot Om Mani Padme hum
Enso Enso Buddha's Foot Buddha’s feet Tomoe Tomoe Yin yang Yin Yang Manji Manji Dorje Dorje

See more Asian Symbols

Hindu, Jain, & Sikh Symbols:

Kalash Kalash Garuda Garuda Khanda Khanda Vel of Lord Murugan Vel Chakras Chakra Dharma wheel Dharma
Jain Hand Dancing Shiva Shiva Tattwas Tattwas Om Omkar Universal  Jain Jainism Sri Yantra Yantra

More Symbols of Eastern Religions

Alchemical & Astrological Symbols:

Scorpio Scorpio Venus Venus Mars Zodiac wheel Zodiac Greek Cross Water element Water
Salt Alchemical salt Fire element Fire Capricorn Capricornus Crescent moon Sun Red KingRed King Pluto

See more Astrological Symbols

Shamanic (Native American, Aboriginal, Neolithic):

Wasgo Dancing sorcerer Shaman Kokopelli Kokopelli Man in the MazeMan in the Maze Hunab Ku Zia sun

See more in this category

Masonic, Fraternal Organizations:

Skull and Bones (crossbones) Skull & bones Masonic square and compass Compass All seeing eye Eye Point in Circle Pillars Beehive
A.A. Cipher All Seeing Eye 47th Problem of Euclid 47th Proposition Eagle of Lagash Double Eagle Eastern Star Eastern Star

See more Masonic Symbols

Miscellaneous:


COST

Operating Thetan Op. Thetan Scientology cross Scientology Scientology Unity Cross Atlantis Cross
Raelian Church Raelian Mu Mu Raelian Church Raelian Choku Rei Choku Rei "Prioy of Sion" Priory of Sion Process Church
Swastika Swastika Cable Tow Black Sun Neo Nazi triskele Neo Nazi “Grail Cross” Sacred Chao Sacred Chao Unitarians
Romany Barbury Barbury Crop Circle Reiki Healer Chalice Well Glastonbury Unicorn Theosophy

Special: “Da Vinci Code” Symbols:

Vitruvian Man Fleur de Lis Rose of Venus "Prioy of Sion" Ankh Phi
Vitruvian Man Fleur de Lis Rose Priory of Sion Ankh Phi
Golden Rectangle Jumis Fire element Water element Hexagram
Greek Cross Golden Mean Jumis Fire Water Hexagram

Religious symbols glossary

Symbol glossaries by subject:

Adinkra Symbols

Astrological and Alchemical symbols

Crosses Druid/ Celtic symbols

Egyptian symbols

Hand Gestures

NeoPagan/ Wiccan Symbols

Norse/Asatru symbols

Star Symbols Symbols of Eastern religions- Jain, Sikh, and Hindu symbols

Symbols of Magick and the Occult

Symbols of the Middle East- Sumerian, Zoroastrian, Baha’i, and Islamic symbols

Taoist, Tibetan Buddhist, and Shinto symbols

Tattoo Symbols

Tribal and Shamanic symbols

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The Catholic Papal Cross is the emblem of the authority of the Pope, head of the Roman Catholic Church. The three bars are usually thought to represent the trinity: God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit.

The Papal cross is often confused with the three armed Cross Lorraine, usually by conspiracy theorists who also confuse the Lorraine Cross with occultist Aleister Crowley’s “Baphomet cross,” a personal esoteric interpretation of the Jerusalem cross.

You can read more about the Cross Lorraine and its history here.

Related Symbols:

Rosecross

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Please note: images and text are copyrighted and may not be copied, posted, or reprinted electronically or in print without permission. (Contact me here for fee schedule)

Want everything on one page? (Caution: slow loading)

Music and Pop Culture Symbols:

“Questioning” The Artist Formerly Known as Prince “The Artist” Heartagram Heartagram Zoso Zoso EN
Triqueta Triquetra

 

Druid & Celtic Symbols

Triqueta Shield Knot Claddagh Triqueta Green man Celtic world tree
Triquetra Shield Knot Claddagh Triqueta Green man Tree of Life
Brigid's cross Triskele Shield Knot
Brighid’s cross Celtic Knot Druidry Triskele Shield Knot Shamrock
Cauldron Welsh Dragon Celtic Cross Druid Cernunnos, Herne
Cauldron Welsh Dragon Celtic Cross Awen Spiral Cernunnos

More Celtic Symbols

All images copyright Jennifer Emick/Symboldictionary.net, except where otherwise noted

Christian & Gnostic Symbols:

Ankh Christian Ankh Jerusalem Cross Cross of Lorraine Cross Lorraine Vesica pisces Jesus Fish (Ichthus) Trinity fishTriqueta Orthodox
Reverse cross Anchor Fish Anchor fish Alexamenos Serpent cross Sacred Heart Christogram
IHS IHS Alpha and Omega Alpha & Omega Chi-ro Chi Rho Crucifix Crucifix Messianic seal Messianic Halo Halo

More Christian & Gnostic Symbols

Magick, Occult, Satanic Symbols:

Baphomet Pentagram Necronomicon Chaos Chaos Mendes Goat Mendes Goat Hexagram Hexagram
Witch’s Knot Enneagram Hermetic Seal Unicursal hexagram Unicursal hexagram Ouroboros Ouroboros Sephirot Kabbalah
Mark of the Beast Mark of the Beast Hand of Glory Rose Cross Lamen GD Lamen Seal of Saturn Saturn Star of Babalon Babalon Seal Pentagram

More Occult Symbols

Wiccan/ Pagan Symbols:

Hecate's wheel Hecate’s Wheel Triqueta Triquetra Pentacle Pentacle Green man Green man Triple goddess Triple Goddess Pentacle Pentacle
Theban alphabet Witch’s runes Cauldron Horned God Triple crescent Triple crescent Elven star Athame Athame
Greenman Greenman Seax Seax Boline Besom Besom Witch's sign Witch’s Sign Pentacle Horned God

More Neopagan Symbols

All images/text copyright Jennifer Emick/Symboldictionary.net, except where otherwise noted

Norse, Asatru, Romuva, and Eastern Europe:

Romuva Romuva Triple horn Odin’s horn Valknut Thunder Cross Shield Knot Shield Knot Helm of awe Helm of Awe
Hugin and Munin Hugin and Munin Mjolnir- Thor's hammer Mjolnir Runes Runes Sleipnir Sleipnir Gungnir Gungnir Solar cross
Irminsul Irminsul Jumis Jumis Nidstang Nidstang Yggdrasil Yggdrasil Triceps Wolf's Cross Wolf’s Cross

More Norse Symbols

Egyptian & Egyptian Pagan Symbols:

Uraeus Uraeus Winged disk Ankh Ankh Isis throne Eye of Horus Eye of Ra/Horus Scarab Scarab
Lotus Uraeus Horus Lemniscate infinity Djed Feather of Ma'at Maat Sistrum Sistrum
Abraxas Abraxas Nuit Hathor Ba bird Akhet Coming soon! Flower of Life

More Egyptian Symbols

Ancient Greek, Roman Symbols:

Horned Hand Mano Fico Gorgon Gorgon Caduceus Labrys, sacred axe Labrys Minotaur Minotaur Venus of Willendorf Willendorf
Fasces Fasces Orphic egg Orphic egg labrynth Tetraktys Hygeia Lauburu Lauburu

More Greek & Roman Symbols

Assyrian/Babylonian, Phoenician, Syrian, and Zoroastrian:

Knot of Inanna Inanna’s Knot Assyrian winged solar disk Assyrian sun disk Star of Ishtar Ishtar seal Sign of Tanit Tanit Sign of Shamash Shamash seal Fravashi Farohar
“Dagon” Mesopotamian Tree of Life Mespotamia Simurgh Kerub Tetragrammaton Tiamat Tiamat

More Assyrian/Babylonian Symbols

Islam, Judaism, Sufism, & Baha’i:

Crescent and star Star & Crescent Magen David Magen David Hamsa Allah Allah Sufi winged heart Sufi YHVH YHVH
Druze star Druze Star Baha'i star Baha’i Menorah Menorah Baha'i ringstone Ringstone Messianic Star Messianic Nidstang Aaronic Blessing

More Middle Eastern Symbols

African, Rasta, Vodou & Santeria:

Akua’ba Veve Veve Eleggua fetish Eleggua Rastafarian lion of Judah Lion of Judah Veve, Agwe Agwe Chi-wara Chiwara
Exu; Candomble Riscados Rastafarian star of David Rasta Adinkra Gya Name Ethiopian Cross Ethiopian Cross Adinkra Adinkra

See more African Symbols

Taoist, Shinto, Buddhist, and Asian cultural symbols:

Maneki Neko Maneke Neko Buddha’s Eyes Torii Gate I Ching Endless knot Endless knot Om Mani Padme hum
Enso Enso Buddha's Foot Buddha’s feet Tomoe Tomoe Yin yang Yin Yang Manji Manji Dorje Dorje

See more Asian Symbols

Hindu, Jain, & Sikh Symbols:

Kalash Kalash Garuda Garuda Khanda Khanda Vel of Lord Murugan Vel Chakras Chakra Dharma wheel Dharma
Jain Hand Dancing Shiva Shiva Tattwas Tattwas Om Omkar Universal  Jain Jainism Sri Yantra Yantra

More Symbols of Eastern Religions

Alchemical & Astrological Symbols:

Scorpio Scorpio Venus Venus Mars Zodiac wheel Zodiac Greek Cross Water element Water
Salt Alchemical salt Fire element Fire Capricorn Capricornus Crescent moon Sun Red KingRed King Pluto

See more Astrological Symbols

Shamanic (Native American, Aboriginal, Neolithic):

Wasgo Dancing sorcerer Shaman Kokopelli Kokopelli Man in the MazeMan in the Maze Hunab Ku Zia sun

See more in this category

Masonic, Fraternal Organizations:

Skull and Bones (crossbones) Skull & bones Masonic square and compass Compass All seeing eye Eye Point in Circle Pillars Beehive
A.A. Cipher All Seeing Eye 47th Problem of Euclid 47th Proposition Eagle of Lagash Double Eagle Eastern Star Eastern Star

See more Masonic Symbols

Miscellaneous:


COST

Operating Thetan Op. Thetan Scientology cross Scientology Scientology Unity Cross Atlantis Cross
Raelian Church Raelian Mu Mu Raelian Church Raelian Choku Rei Choku Rei "Prioy of Sion" Priory of Sion Process Church
Swastika Swastika Cable Tow Black Sun Neo Nazi triskele Neo Nazi “Grail Cross” Sacred Chao Sacred Chao Unitarians
Romany Barbury Barbury Crop Circle Reiki Healer Chalice Well Glastonbury Unicorn Theosophy

 

Special: “Da Vinci Code” Symbols:

Vitruvian Man Fleur de Lis Rose of Venus "Prioy of Sion" Ankh Phi
Vitruvian Man Fleur de Lis Rose Priory of Sion Ankh Phi
Golden Rectangle Jumis Fire element Water element Hexagram
Greek Cross Golden Mean Jumis Fire Water Hexagram

Religious symbols glossary

Symbol glossaries by subject:

Adinkra Symbols

Astrological and Alchemical symbols

Crosses Druid/ Celtic symbols

Egyptian symbols

Hand Gestures

NeoPagan/ Wiccan Symbols

Norse/Asatru symbols

Star Symbols Symbols of Eastern religions- Jain, Sikh, and Hindu symbols

Symbols of Magick and the Occult

Symbols of the Middle East- Sumerian, Zoroastrian, Baha’i, and Islamic symbols

Taoist, Tibetan Buddhist, and Shinto symbols

Tattoo Symbols

Tribal and Shamanic symbols

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Notice: this article is copyrighted. Please do not copy any part to any web page, newsgroup, Book of Shadows, etc., other than a brief excerpt and link.

The five-pointed star or pentagram is one of the most potent, powerful, and persistent symbols in human history. It has been important to almost every ancient culture, from the Mayans of Latin America, to India, China, Greece, and Egypt. It has been found scratched on the walls of Neolithic caves, and in Babylonian drawings, where it marks the pattern the planet Venus makes on its travels- a secret symbol of the Goddess Ishtar. Scriptures, especially Hebrew, are abundant with references to pentagrams. So, why does this symbol have such a sinister reputation today?

The Pentagram in the Ancient World

The earliest pentagrams were rough diagrams found scratched into stone age caves. While they are believed to have some spiritual significance, the meaning of the star-shape to early humans is a mystery. In the civilizations that followed, it held various meanings, usually astronomical and religious. Pentagrams served to mark directions in Sumerian texts, and represented the five visible planets. Later, it was the sign of the planet Venus and the goddess.

According to the Greek mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras, five was the number of man, because of the fivefold division of the body, and the ancient Greek division of the soul. According to Pythagoras, the five points of the pentagram each represent one of the five elements that make up man: fire, water, air, earth, and psyche. (energy, fluid, breath, matter, and mind; also liquid, gas, solid, plasma, and aethyr, or spirit) The Pythagoreans held the pentacle sacred to Hygeia, the Goddess of healing, whose name (HGIEiA) was an anagram in Greek for the elements water, earth, spirit, fire, and air.

This particular symbolism has persisted for centuries, and has greatly influenced theologies of diverse traditions. Early Christians wore the pentagram as an emblem, possibly to represent the wounds of Christ, or possibly due to connections between early Christians and the Pythagorean mysteries.* Later, the pentacle was important to many doctrines of esoteric Medieval and Renaissance belief systems- alchemy, kabbalah, and Ceremonial magic.

The Pentacle and Magick

Renaissance-era ritual magicians, like the Greeks, used the Pentagram as a microcosm of the human body. The practice of Ritual Magic was used to create a state of closeness with god through the use of symbols and rituals to imitate the divine state. It was believed that like affects like, that the connection between the world of symbols and the world of actions could also be manipulated for evil purposes. One of these magicians, Giordano Bruno, warned of such misuse of the powerful pentacle by Black magicians. (The pentagram is still central to the practice of ritual magic, and is used in the foundation of many of its rituals.)

In the Jewish kabbalistic tradition, which borrows many Pythagorean ideas, the pentagram represents the five upper sephiroth on the Tree of Life- five numbers, being indivisible by any but themselves, which represent pure archetypal forces: justice, mercy, wisdom, understanding, and transcendent splendor.

Christian Pentagram?

Christian Kabbalists of the renaissance were especially enamored of the pentagram, which they viewed as a mystical proof of the divinity of Christ – to them, it symbolized Christ as the Holy Spirit manifest in the flesh. A favorite gematric feat was to add the Hebrew letter Shin (symbolizing fire and the holy spirit of Pentecost) to the Biblical four letter name of God (YHVH, most commonly [and incorrectly] pronounced ‘Jehovah’) yielding YHShVH- Y’heshua, or Jesus. (There is a secret biblical connection, as well, in the name of the Christian holiday of Pentecost- the day the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles of Jesus is one of many geometrical ‘proofs’ in the New Testament disguised as stories)

scosmicrose

There are many connections between the pentagram and Christianity. Before the cross, it was a preferred emblem to adorn the jewelry and amulets of early Christians (followed by an ‘x’ or a phoenix). The pentagram was associated with the five wounds of Christ, and because it could be drawn in one continuous movement of the pen, the Alpha and the Omega as one. It was also an expression of a secret Gnostic heresy, found hidden here and there throughout Christian history- a symbol of Isis/Venus as the secret goddess, the female principle. The most notable instance of this symbolism is in the Arthurian Grail romances, which are Gnostic and kabbalistic teachings disguised as tales of knightly quests.

The pentacle as a symbol of the feminine principle was was embodied by the rose. The small, five petaled roses found in many Gothic cathedral’s ornamentation are not-so-secret pentagrams:

The Pentacle in Wicca and other NeoPagan Traditions

Currently, the most common religious uses of the pentagram are by Wiccan, Neopagan, and Satanic groups. In most Wiccan and Neopagan traditions, its symbolic meaning is derived from Ceremonial magick and nineteenth century occultism- the four elements ruled by the spirit- although as these theologies mature, they have added to its meaning.

In many of these traditions, it can also symbolize the unity of mankind with the earth or with the realm of the spirit, the human body, and more.

Point up, or Point Down?

A “point down” pentacle is nothing new- nor is it necessarily Satanic when it appears as such. Historical depictions of the pentagram were as likely to be points down as point up. A distinction between one or the other was rarely made by the ancients. Even today, one must not assume a point down pentagram is Satanic, as it is just likely to be Masonic, Wiccan, or simply upside-down. Some inexperienced Wiccans will occasionally claim that a point down pentacle is Satanic, but such a symbol has at times represented the Wiccan horned God, and is still today an emblem of the Second Degree initiation in Gardnerian Wicca.

The Satanic Pentagram

In the minds of many, the pentagram is inextricably linked with black magick and Satan worship. The Satanic pentagram is a difficult symbol- it is the newest and least used, but at the same time the best known and most controversial. The Satanic pentacle is almost always presented upside down, or inverted, with a single point facing downward, and it is this pentacle that is presented incorrectly as ‘evil.’

The adoption of the pentacle as a Satanic emblem is quite recent, dating only to the latter half of the twentieth century. To the Satanist, this glyph is a representation of “Black magic,” symbolizing the triumph of matter and individual desires over religious dogma- earth over an illusory promise of heaven. It is not analogous to the upturned cross (which is a symbol of rebellion against Christian culture), and is not “anti-Wiccan.”

In modern Satanic theology, the pentagram is far more likely to represent the individual, or the choice to pursue individual glory or immortality rather than union or absorption with the divine- where some traditions advocate the sublimation of the ego or submission to god, Satanism exalts and glorifies it, deifying the human being. The symbol most commonly associated with Satanic practices is the “Sabbatic goat” or Goat of Mendes pentacle, often confused with Baphomet, a figure from Templar legend, and Pan, the Greek goat God. It rarely has any deeper meaning; an irony when one considers that its association with Satanism has made the pentagram a feared symbol to many, and the subject of countless conspiracy theories.

The Goat’s Head

The goat itself is related to medieval superstitions about the behavior of witches, who were often depicted dancing with or riding on goats (who often represented Satan himself). The goat in that context is often seen as an ironic symbol of sexual repression (the association being a clear allusion to the unrestrained sexuality represented by this ancient fertility symbol), so one can see why the symbolism might appeal to modern Satanists, as a symbol of freedom from sexual and religious taboos.

Goat Pentacle by Oswald Wirth

The Pentagram in Freemasonry

In Freemasonry and related traditions, the pentagram is usually referred to as the “blazing star,” and in addition to more traditional Pythagorean symbolism, is sometimes symbolic of the descent of the divinity of Christ into the world of matter, a remnant of Masonry’s ties with medieval Christian Kabbalah and hermetic tradition. In this, it represents the Star of Bethlehem. Freemasonry emphasizes Pythagorean geometry in its system of allegorical symbology, and as the pentagram was the chief of the Pythagorean symbols, it is not at all surprising to find it among Masonic symbols. Even so, it is still a relatively minor symbol in freemasonry, and largely ignored in today’s lodges.

The Masonic use of the pentagram has nevertheless provided endless fodder for conspiracy minded evangelicals who see its use as proof of a vast Satanic Masonic network. Many absurd connections have been made between the Satanic pentagram and the Masonic star by enthusiastic conspiracy theorists, who fail to note that the first association of the reversed pentacle with ‘evil’ is a relatively recent attitude- adopted long after Masons had been using the star without controversy for a very long time. The 19th century magical scholar Eliphas Levi is the first known to have vested the downward pointing pentacle with any real negative meaning, elaborating perhaps on Bruno’s earlier claims. It was not until the mid twentieth century that Levi’s ‘Mendes’ pentacle was adopted as an emblem of modern Satanism. No Satanic or black magic group is known to have used a pentagram before then, and even the oldest representations of black masses and other ‘satanic’ activities contain no pentagrams.

Scottish Rite Degree emblem

The Pentagram of the Founders

Surprisingly, the pentagram also plays an important part in the symbology of the early United States government (a fact not lost on the conspiracy theorists, of course.). Many of the Founding Fathers were Freemasons, to whom the Pentagram is an important symbol (see above). The five pointed star appears in much of our early iconography- the US flag, the Great Seal, and on our currency. It is even to be found in the US Capitol, where the White House sits at the apex of a giant pentagram, one of many interesting features in Capitol geometry:

Pentacles and Pentagrams

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Satanic and supposed Satanic symbols:

 

Mendes Goat Horned Hand Alchemical Sulfur Seal of Lucifer
Mendes Reverse cross Baphomet Cornuto Sulfur Lucifer
Zoso Order of the Nine Angles
Necronomicon “Questioning” Zoso Pentagram Unity Cross Nine Angles

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Traditional Magick and Hermetic symbols:

hand of glory Ouroboros
Ameth Hand of Glory Hallows Pentagram infinitysnake Hexagram
Enochian Monad nonagram/enneagram
Enochian Crucified Monad Ouroboros Pentagram Nonagram
Hidden pentacle Dee's Holy Table Sigil
Pentacle Holy table Cups Sigils AGLA Mandrake
Seal of Ct. Cagliostro Hermes cross Tarot hallows spacer spacer
Triangle of Art Cagliostro Hermes spacerTools spacer spacer

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Kabbalistic symbols:

YHVH Adam Kadmon Tree of life Magen David
Tree of Life YHVH Adam Kadmon Tetraktys Kabbalah Magen David
Tree of Life Cha’i spacer spacer spacer

Magical Languages

Runes Theban alphabet Enochian Ogham wyrd
Runes Theban Enochian Ogham Wyrd

Organizations and Ideologies:

Emblem of the Martinist Order Mark of the Beast Golden Dawn Cross Astrum Argentum Theosophical society Rose Cross
Martinist Mark of the Beast Golden Dawn A.A. Theosophy Rosycross
Star of Babalon Cross of Lorraine Unicursal hexagram Rose Cross Lamen

Rosecross

Chaos
Babalon Cross Lorraine Unicursal hexagram GD Lamen Rose Cross Chaos
Rosecross Order of the Nine Angles Enneagram Black Sun OTO Lamen
Rose Cross Nine Angles Enneagram Black Sun OTO Luxor
Blavatsky Martinists

Related Symbols:

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Order of the Nine AnglesThe emblem of the Satanic secret society The Order of the Nine Angles. The angles are derived from the connections between the seven planets and the seven lower sefirot on the kabbalistic Tree of Life.The symbol is meant to be used as a device for contemplative meditation.

Related Symbols:

Seal of Lucifer

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The Sigil of Lucifer is a lesser known historical magical sigil used occasionally as an emblem by modern Satanists. The image originates in the sixteenth century Italian Grimoirium Verum, or “Grimoire of Truth.” Used in conjunction with other symbols, its original purpose of the sigil was to aid in a visual invocation of the angel Lucifer.

The figure is probably derived from an earlier work, most likely drawn from a magic square whose origins are now lost. The emblem is sometimes referred to as the “Seal of satan,” although this is not a historical usage.

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Related Symbols:
sigil
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sglossarybaphometThis enigmatic figure, known as Baphomet, was first described during the trials of the Templars, a medieval order of Crusader Monks accused of Heresy, witchcraft, and other crimes. The Order, founded in 1118 by nobleman Hughes de Payens, was the first of a number of “Military Orders.”

Originally conceived as a means of protecting Christian pilgrims to Jerusalem, the new order excited the public imagination, and they became extraordinarily popular. They were exempted from taxation, and had amassed great wealth and property by the 13th century.

Eventually, with all this money and power, the Templars became a political threat to the Church and especially King Phillip of France, who issued secret orders (using contrived information) to have all of the Templars in France arrested. Torture elicited hundreds of confessions of various crimes and heresies. The laundry list of unlikely crimes included spitting on the cross, denying Christ, and worshiping an idol; namely, a grotesque bearded head (other descriptions conflicted) called Baphomet.

Indeed, a number of supposedly Templar artifacts have surfaced which bear an image of an unusual male/female hybrid which resembles alchemical drawings of the soul of the world. Historians over the years have debated the possibility that the Baphomet rumor was true or an artifact of torture, and many suggestions about the origin of the word have been put forward. Some have proposed that the name is a corruption of the name Mohammed, or from the Greek, a phrase meaning “baptism of wisdom,” or “Bufihimat,” Moorish-Spanish for “father of wisdom”. Others have suggested more intriguing possibilities- that baphomet is a kabbalistic cipher for the Gnostic Goddess Sophia, or a variant name for the Greek Titan Goddess of wisdom “Metis.”

The interpretation of Baphomet pictured above was drawn by the nineteenth century occultist Eliphas Levi (Alphonse Constant), using elements from various descriptions. It was drawn with the head of a Goat, a human body with cloven feet and wings. According to Levi, it was a revelatory figure, requiring study to understand. This particular drawing is quite popular with Satanists and Ritual magicians, for varying reasons. However, save for a few details, Levi’s connection between his version of Baphomet, and the legendary idol of the Templars is mostly nonexistent. Levi’s description of the figure:

“The goat on the frontispiece carries the sign of the pentagram on the forehead, with one point at the top, a symbol of light, his two hands forming the sign of hermeticism, the one pointing up to the white moon of the Quabbalic Chesed, the other pointing down to the black one of Geburah. This sign expresses the perfect harmony of mercy with justice. His one arm is female, the other male like the ones of the androgyn of Khunrath, the attributes of which we had to unite with those of our goat because he is one and the same symbol. The flame of intelligence shining between his horns is the magic light of the universal balance, the image of the soul elevated above matter, as the flame, whilst being tied to matter, shines above it. The ugly beast’s head expresses the horror of the sinner, whose materially acting, solely responsible part has to bear the punishment exclusively; because the soul is insensitive according to its nature and can only suffer when it materializes. The rod standing instead of genitals symbolizes eternal life, the body covered with scales the water, the semi-circle above it the atmosphere, the feathers following above the volatile. Humanity is represented by the two breasts and the androgyne arms of this sphinx of the occult sciences.”

Related Symbols:
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The so-called “Mendes Pentacle” (sometimes, Mendez) or Sabbatic Goat emblem was first connected to Satanism in the nineteen sixties, falsely attributed to the nineteenth century occultist Eliphas Levi.

This symbol is commonly confused with Levi’s depiction of the Templar icon Baphomet, which was never presented as a symbol of evil, but of harmony, redemption, and union with the divine. Nonetheless, the two have been confused so often it is nearly impossible to separate them in modern usage.

The name “Mendes goat” derives from a connection Levi made between the Templar Baphomet, the Goat of the witch’s Sabbat (as depicted in popular art of the time), and the Egyptian god Ammon, of Mendes, Egypt.  According to Levi, an emblem of fertility and sexual freedom.  Levi’s connection was spurious-the God in question was represented by a ram, not a goat- but the confusion has persisted.

A simplified version of the symbol shown was adopted as the emblem of Anton Lavey’s Church of Satan in 1966. The Hebrew letters surrounding the pentacle spell out “Leviathan,” the mythic sea monster of the Old Testament. This emblem is occasionally called the “Judas Goat” by modern Satanists.

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Sabbatic Goat by Swiss Occultist Oswald Wirth
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Pentacles from nineteenth century grimoire ‘The key of black magic,’ falsely attributed to Eliphas Levi
Related Symbols:
Seal of Lucifer

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